A Rhode Island Red is an American breed of chicken, which was developed in Little Compton, Rhode Island in 1830. The breed is a combination of England’s black-breasted red Malay sire with other breeds (the Buff Cochin, Langsh, Hamburgh and Rose combed Leghorns). It is best-known for laying exceptional utilitarian brown eggs (about 250 eggs per year). As such, it is a popular choice for backyard flocks. The Rhode Island Red is widely considered to be the most successful dual-purpose breed in North America and may be the world’s most widely distributed chicken breed. Roosters weigh about 8.5 pounds and hens average 6.5 pounds.
The Rhode Island Red chicken became the official state bird of Rhode Island in 1954.
A Rhode Island Red Monument, which is on the National Register of Historic Places, can be viewed in the Adamsville village of Little Compton, RI.